In today’s Connecting Kids to Cultures episode, we learn about another fascinating world culture. If you’re looking for the best compact travel guide videos this channel is for you! Our videos focus on giving you a brief entertaining look at diverse global communities and fascinating world cultures. Additional information links can be found in the Credits and Other Resources videos for further reference.
Senegal is a country in West Africa that is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to the south. With a population of approximately 14 million people, Senegal is one of the 20 most populous countries in Africa.
Dakar is the capital of Senegal and the westernmost city in Africa. It is located on the Cap-Vert peninsula, near the western point of Africa. The city was founded in 1857 and was the capital of French West Africa from 1920 to 1960. It is home to 1.8 million people and over 3 million people live in Greater Dakar which includes Dakar and its suburbs. The country has a large part of the population living in rural areas.
Dakar has a tropical savanna climate. The average annual temperature in Dakar is 27°C (81°F) with an average low temperature at night of 23°C (73°F). The rainy season extends from July to November with annual rainfall averaging 1,400mm per year.
Senegal was colonized by France in 1857 and became an independent country on November 30th, 1960. The history of Senegal can be divided into two parts: pre-colonial era and post-colonial era.
The pre-colonial era began with Senegalese kingdoms that were established around 1235 AD. The kingdoms were based on Islamic principles and later became a part of Mali Empire until they regained their independence in 1559 AD.
The Senegalese economy is largely dependent on agriculture and fishing.
The Senegalese culture is a rich and complex blend of African and Islamic traditions. The country is ethnically diverse, with the Wolof people making up about 40% of the population. There are also other ethnic groups such as the Fula, Serer and Toucouleur.
The Senegalese ethnic groups speak different languages and have different customs. However, they all share a common history and culture, which is rooted in Islam.
The first inhabitants of Senegal were indigenous tribes who migrated from present-day Nigeria and Ghana. These tribes belonged to three broad groups: Wolofs in the north, Sereres in central Senegal, and Serer-Toucouleurs in southern Senegal.
– The Wolof and Pulaar languages are spoken by about 95% of the population.
– Dakar’s economy relies heavily on agriculture, fishing, and tourism.
– Senegal has one of the highest literacy rates in Africa at 77%.
– Senegal’s flag consists of three horizontal stripes – green for Islam, yellow for natural resources, red for blood shed during independence struggle.
Senegal’s National Day is a holiday celebrated on February 12th, in honor of the country’s independence from France. It is a day for celebration and remembrance. Senegal’s National Day commemorates the date of the referendum that was held on April 28, 1960, in which voters chose to end their colonial status with France and establish an independent nation.
The cuisine in Senegal is very diverse with dishes from the regions of Dakar, Casamance and Northern Senegal. The food varies depending on what region you are in, as well as your ethnic group.
The music in Senegal is diverse, as well, and each region has its own style. The music of the Wolof people is traditionally polyrhythmic and call-and-response driven. The Senegalese national anthem is sung in Wolof.
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In the (CKC) Connecting Kids to Cultures Series, the entire globe will eventually be presented in three phases;
~ Phase I: North of the Equator to the Tropic of Cancer
~ Phase II: South of the Equator to the Tropic of Capricorn
~ Phase III: the rest of the world via selected countries
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