Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh |36th Statehood Day of Arunachal Pradesh | Part- 1| Konya Bullo



In January 1972, the NEFA became a Union Territory and was named Arunachal Pradesh. On February 20th 1987, Statehood was conferred on Arunachal Pradesh and it became the 25th State of the Union of India.

The state shares international borders with Bhutan, Myanmar and China. The Chinese refer to the region as South Tibet and lay a territorial claim to the land. In fact, in 1962, these claims spilt over into the Sino-Indian War.

In another northeastern state, Mizoram, the driving factor for statehood came from the people of the state. Arguably the need to demonstrate to the world that Arunachal Pradesh is unequivocally an integral part of India helped determine its statehood status.

Arunachal Pradesh has the lowest population density of any state in India. Most of the populace is concentrated in the low-lying valleys and there are no cities and few towns. Itanagar, in the southwest of Arunachal Pradesh, is the state’s capital and largest town.

Arunachal Pradesh is home to dozens of distinct ethnic groups, most of which are in some ways related to the peoples of Tibet and the hill region of western Myanmar. More than two-thirds of the state’s people are designated officially as Scheduled Tribes, a term that generally applies to indigenous peoples who fall outside of the prevailing Indian social structure. In western Arunachal Pradesh the Nissi (Nyishi), Sherdukpen, Aka, Monpa, Apa Tani, and Hill Miri are among the main tribes. The Adi, who constitute the largest tribal group in the state, live in the central region. The Mishmi inhabit the northeastern hills, and the Wancho, Nocte, and Tangsa are concentrated in the southeastern district of Tirap. Throughout the state, the tribal peoples generally share similar rural lifestyles and occupations; many are subsistence farmers who supplement their diet by hunting, fishing, and gathering forest products. Dispersed villages and isolated farmsteads are typical features of the landscape. Aside from the Scheduled Tribes, much of the remainder of the population of Arunachal Pradesh consists of immigrants from Bangladesh, as well as from Assam, Nagaland, and other states of India.

The tribal groups speak about 50 languages and dialects, most belonging to the Tibeto-Burman branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. They are often mutually unintelligible; thus, Assamese and Hindi, both of which are Indo-Aryan languages, as well as English are used as lingua francas in the region. Each of the tribes follows its own social, cultural, and religious practices, and most are endogamous (marrying within the group). Many of the groups practice local religions that involve interaction with various spirits and deities of nature. Ritual sacrifice is common, and a domesticated Gayal(Bos frontalis), locally known as a Mithun, is especially valued as a sacrificial animal. Some residents of Arunachal Pradesh practice Hinduism, especially those near the lowlands approaching the border with Assam. Tibetan Buddhism is found among groups near the Tibetan border, and some tribes along the Myanmar border practice Theravada Buddhism, which is predominant in Southeast Asia.

Arunachal Pradesh has the lowest population density of any state in India. Most of the populace is concentrated in the low-lying valleys, with the hill peoples living in scattered upland communities. There are no cities and fewer than two dozen towns. Itanagar, in the southwest of Arunachal Pradesh, is the state’s largest town.

Video link:
Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh Part-2 : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCHjzbwRh2I&t=17s
Nyokum Festival Jullang 2022: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rynix0lCrFU&t=1s
Why do Apatani sacrifice Mithun: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NV4A3eDbOJw&t=1s

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