Kirati Tribes of Nepal /Indigenous People of Nepal



The Kirati people (Sanskrit: Kirāta[1]; also spelled as Kirant or Kiranti) are an ancient Sino-Tibetan ethnic group. They are indigenous aboriginals of the Himalayas, mostly Eastern Himalayan region of the Indian subcontinent, extending eastward from Nepal to India.
The word Kirata is a derivation from Kirati or Kiranti to name the group of people in Eastern Nepal and Northeast India.[2][3]

One school of thought says that it comes from the Sanskrit word Kirata found in the Yajurveda; they are described as the “handsome” mountain people and hunters in the forests.[4] They are described as “Kiratas” in the Mahabharata and Kirtarjuniya.

Kirati Tribes of Nepal Are : Rai ,Limbu ,Yakkha, Sunuwar ,Dhimal,Hayu,Jirel ,Thami Rai Have 29 Different Sub Tribes They are: Bantawa, Kulung, Chamling, Athpahariya, Chhiling/Chulung/Chintang, Thulung, Sampang, Wambule, Bahing/Bayung,Puma, Dungmali,Sam,Belhare, Lingkhim,Mugali/Fangduwali, Khaling,Dumi,Koyu,jerung, Nachhring, Lambichong, Lohorung, Yamphu, Mewahang/Mewahang and Dewash etc …………. Other Tribes Who clam to descendant of Kirats they are:Meche/Mech, Koch Rajbansi,Tharu,Chapang.

HistoryEdit

Anatoly Yakoblave Shetenko, while on an archaeological study programme between Nepal and USSR, uncovered Kirat Stone Age tools and other artifacts from circa 30,000 B.C.[5]

According to Bista, the Kirata (“Kirat,” “Kirata,” and “Kiranti”) are an ancient people who have been associated with the history of Nepal for thousands of years.[6] The mention of the Kirats, the ancient inhabitants of Nepal, in the Vedas and their involvement in the battles of Mahabharat indicate the historical relation and population movement between India and Nepal.[7] Some legendary sources from the Kathmandu Valley describe the Kiratas as early rulers there, taking over from earlier Gopals or Abhiras, both of whom may have been cowherding tribes.[8]

Kirati in MahabharataEdit

Kirātas (Sanskrit: किरात) are mentioned in early Sanskrit literature as hunter tribes from the Himalayas. They are first mentioned in the Yajurveda (Shukla XXX.16; Krisha III.4,12,1) and in the Atharvaveda (X.4,14), which dates back to 16th century BC.[citation needed] They are often mentioned along with the Cinas “Chinese”.[9][citation needed] A Sanskrit Dictionary gives the meaning of ‘Kirat’ as a ‘degraded, mountainous tribe, a savage and barbarian’ while other scholars attribute more respectable meanings to this term and say that it denotes people with the lion’s character, or mountain dwellers.[10]

The Sanskrit kavya titled Kiratarjuniya (Of Arjuna and the Kirata) mentions that Arjuna adopted the name, nationality, and guise of a Kirata for a period to learn archery and the use of other arms from Shiva, who was considered as the deity of the Kirata.[11]

Hindu myth has many incidents where the god Shiva imitates a married Kirati girl who later become Parvati.[12] In Yoga Vasistha 1.15.5, Rama speaks of kirāteneva vāgurā “a trap [laid] by Kiratas”, so about 10th century BCE, they were thought of as jungle trappers, the ones who dug pits to capture roving deer. The same text speaks of King Suraghu, the head of the Kiratas who is a friend of the Persian King, Parigha.

32 Kirat Kings who ruled in Kathmandu ValleyEdit

According to Mahabharata, chronicle of Bansawali William Kirk Patrick[13] and Daniel Wright,[14] the Kirata kings of the Nepal Valley were:

King Shree Yalamba 90years/ राजा श्री यलम्बर – ९० वर्ष

King Shree Palamba – 81years/राजा श्री पलाम्बा- ८१ वर्ष

King Shree Melam – 89 years/राजा श्री मेलं – ८९ वर्ष

King Shree Changming – 42 years/राजा श्री चंमिं – ४२ वर्ष

King Shree Dhakang – 37 years/राजा श्री धस्कं – ३७ वर्ष

King Shree Walangcha – 31 years 6 months/राजा श्री वलंच – ३१ वर्ष ६ महिना

King Shree Jite Dasti – 40 years 8 months/राजा श्री जिते दस्ति – ४० वर्ष ८ महिना

King Shree Hoorma – 50 years/राजा श्री हुरमा – ५० वर्ष

King Shree Tooske – 41 years 8 months/राजा श्री तुस्के – ४१ वर्ष ८ महिना

King Shree Prasaphung – 38 years 6 months/राजा श्री प्रसफुं – ३८ वर्ष ६ महिना

King Shree Pawa: – 46 years/राजा श्री पवः – ४६ वर्ष

King Shree Daasti – 40 years/राजा श्री दास्ती – ४० वर्ष

King Shree Chamba – 71 years/राजा श्री चम्ब – ७१ वर्ष

King Shree Stungko – 54 years/राजा श्री स्तुङको – ५४ वर्ष

King Shree Swananda – 40 years 6 months/राजा श्री स्वनन्द – ४० वर्ष ६ महिना

King Shree Phukong – 58 years/राजा श्री फुकों – ५८ वर्ष

King Shree Singhu – 49 years 6 months/राजा श्री शिंघु – ४९ वर्ष ६ महिना

King Shree Joolam – 73 years 3 months/राजा श्री जुलम् – ७३ वर्ष ३ महिना

King Pagan Min – 40 years/राजा श्री लुकं – ४० वर्ष

King Shree Thoram – 71 years/राजा श्री थोरम् – ७१ वर्ष

King Shree Angsu Barmma – 73 years 6 months/राजा श्री अंशु वर्म्म – ७३ वर्ष ६ महिना

King Shree Thuko – 83 years/राजा श्री थुको – ८३ वर्ष

King Shree Gunjong – 72 years 7 months/राजा श्री गुंजं ७२ वर्ष ७ महिना

King Shree Pushka – 81 years/राजा श्री पुस्क – ८१ वर्ष

King Shree Tyapamee – 54 years/राजा श्री

source

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