From the Land of Mari: Interactions between Tribes and States – Federico Luciani

From the Land of Mari: Interactions between Tribes and States in 2nd Millennium Mesopotamia
Federico Luciani (National University of Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina)

Friday, June 3rd, 6:00 pm Central European Time (UTC+01:00)

For the last 50 years, the cuneiform texts of Mari (modern Tell Hariri, Syria) have allowed a better understanding of the political dynamics of the Old Babylonian period. The correspondence between officials, kings, and other chiefs serves as a valuable tool to comprehend the interactions between sedentary and mobile population, or also between the state and the tribes.
This lecture aims at examining the administration and control over the so-called Banks-of-Euphrates during the era of King Zimri-Lim. The issue will be approached according to three different perspectives:
the way of life adopted by the populations of the region; the logic that structured their political ties and loyalties; and the ethnic identification of such populations. A simultaneous analysis of these three factors is essential to understand the political interactions among the different actors of the correspondence of Mari, i.e. King Zimri-Lim himself, the governors of the districts, the personnel in charge of the mobile population, the local administrators, the Sim’alite and Yaminite leaders, and the foreign sovereigns.


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