We chop it up with Decolonized Buffalo Podcast. This was a conversation exchanging different viewpoints civilly and not a formal debate.
Large scale mitochondrial sequencing in Mexican Americans suggests a reappraisal of Native American origins – BMC Evolutionary Biology
Thus the observed frequency of Native American mtDNA in Mexican/Mexican Americans is higher than was expected on the basis of autosomal estimates of Native American admixture for these populations i.e. ~ 30-46% [53, 55].
“studies have measured Native American, European and African contributions to Mexican and Mexican American populations, revealing 85 to 90% of mtDNA lineages are of Native American origin [53, 54]”
“Mexicans are, by and large, descendants of Native American and European (Spanish) ancestors ”
Wide Disparity in Genetic Admixture Among Mexican Americans from San Antonio, TX – Annals of Human Genetics (Online Wiley Library)
In the SAFDS sample, ancestral proportions were estimated at 50.2 ± 0.6% European, 46.4 ± 0.6% Native American, and 3.1 ± 0.2% West African.
Dog DNA Controversy (Laboratory Viaguard Accu-Metrics)
“It’s not that it’s bad science…”
“There are problems in the DNA testing industry related to Native American DNA testing but this is the first time I’ve seen them confuse native ancestry with dog lineages,” TallBear said.
“This is not a mistake that would be very easy to make if you actually had a credible lab, but there are some more subtle problems that happen with these tests.”
DNA Dog Controversy 2 (Orig3n)
Orig3n also came under legal scrutiny from the federal government last year for selling tests without the proper lab certifications.
Mexican Census 1921 ~ 14-15 Million People Total
29.16% Pure Indigenous
59.33% Indigenous Mixed with European
0.71% Foreigner or Some Other Race
Mexico Immigration Statistics 1960-2017
Mexico Crude Birth Rate 1900-2020
Mexico’s Racial Divide
“a significant proportion of Mexicans self-identify as members of racial or ethnic groups. Studies have shown that up to 60 % self-identify as mestizos, but the rest see themselves as indigenous (30 %), white (nine percent) or other (one percent).”
-Virginia Mercado is a researcher at the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (UAEMex) and an instructor in peace and development studies.
Mexico 2020 Census – African Population
“In the 16th century, approximately 200,000 slaves were sent to Mexico by Spanish conquistadors.”
“2.5 million people in Mexico identify as Afro-Mexican or of African descent, according to data collected by the country’s 2020 census and reported by Al Dia.” = 2% of the Population
MEXICO PROFUNDO BY GUILLERMO BATALLA NOTABLE QUOTES
It is evident that the Indian genetic contribution was the fundamental one in the physical makeup of the Mexican population. This is an undeniable reality. Pg. 16
De-Indianization is a historical process through which populations that originally possessed a particular and distinctive identity, based upon their own culture, are forced to renounce that identity, with all the consequent changes in their social organization and culture. De-Indianization is not the result of biological mixture, but of the pressure of an ethnocide that ultimately blocks the historical continuity of a people as a culturally differentiated group. Pg. 17
“De-Indianization has been achieved when, ideologically, the population stops considering itself Indian, even though the lifeway may continue much as before. Such communities are now Indian without knowing they are Indian.” – pg. 46
“A country so full of Indians (more than 60 percent in 1810) could not seriously aspire to modernity and progress, the Liberals seem to have thought.” Pg. 101
“Indigenismo did not contradict in any way the national plan that the triumphant Revolution had been crystallizing: to incorporate the Indian, that is, de-Indianize him, to make him lose his cultural and historical uniqueness. The question as how to do it more effectively…Manuel Gamio, the first professional Mexican anthropologist.” Pg. 115-116